Overview of Forest Sector

Kazakhstan’s forests play an important role in land, wildlife, and watershed management, wind erosion and sand control, and recreation. Forests and wood land account for ha or  4.7% of the total land area in the country [1]. Area-wise, about 70% of all wooded lands is located in the south and southeast – mostly saxaul scrub forests that are important for fuelwood production, stabilize the vegetation, and provide shade for animal grazing. The high mountain forests of the southeast and east (20% of the area) have exceptionally high biodiversity, and recreational values, as well as nut and fruit production. The forests play a key role in watershed protection. Birch and pine stands of the northern forest-steppe fragmented amidst highly productive farmland serve as a major source of fuelwood and are important for wildlife and recreation. The west and center of the country are extremely arid and fundamentally devoid of forests. Volume-wise, over 80% of the nation’s timber stock is in the north and northeast, half of it in the fir and pine forests of the East Kazakhstan Oblast where the bulk of the country’s commercial-scale harvesting is concentrated.

All forests in the Republic of Kazakhstan are protected [1]. All forests have been established under long-term management plans and they perform important water-protective, field-and soil conservation, sanitation, health, and other useful functions. About 10% of all forests in Kazakhstan were created, by the forestry authorities during Soviet times, for protection against wind erosion and sand drifts. In this regard, the forest fund category “field and forest conservation” dominates and makes 9.8 million ha or 79% of the total wooded area[2]. Coverage by protected areas of important sites for mountain biodiversity is 20% in 2020[3]. 

100% of Kazakhstan’s forests are publicly owned. 79.2% of the lands of the forest fund are administered by the regional authorities (Akimats of administrative regions), 20.1% are in the conduct of the national forestry committee and 0.7 % are owned by other national agencies. The State forest fund lands include land covered with forest and land which is not forested but designed for the needs of the forestry sector. Overall, forests managed by state forest agencies account for 22.

[1] United Nations, State of Forests of the Caucasus and Central Asia (New York and Geneva: The UN, 2019), 87.
[2] Arcady Radionov, The States of Forest Genetic Resources in the Sec Region, The Republic of Kazakhstan Country Report  (Ankara: The FAO, 2013), 5.
[3] “Indicator 15.4.1 – Coverage by protected areas of important sites for mountain biodiversity – Indicators For The Sustainable Development Goals,” Kazstat.github.io, last modified n.d., accessed Apr 19, 2021, https://kazstat.github.io/sdg-site-kazstat/en/15-4-1/.

Forest Policy Archive

2017-2026Strategy/PlanNational REDD+ StrategyLink
2017-2026Strategy/PlanAction & Investment Plan for the implementation of the National REDD+ Strategy of CambodiaLink
2014-2023Strategy/PlanCambodia Climate Change Strategic Plan 2014-2023 (CCCSP)Link
2010-2029Strategy/PlanNational Forest ProgrammeLinkLink
2020Strategy/PlanCambodia's Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) to the UNFCCCLink
2020ReportGlobal Forest Assessment Report 2020 (Cambodia)Link
2018ReportCambodia Forest Cover 2018Link
2016Strategy/PlanCambodia's National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan (NBSAP)Link
2005LawSub-Decree on Economic Land Concessions (2005)LinkLink
2003LawSub-Decree on Community Forestry Management (2003)Link
2002LawLaw on ForestryLinkLink
2000LawSub-Decree No. 05 on Forestry Concessions ManagementLinkLink
1999LawSub-Decree No.72 on the Environmental Impact Assessment ProcessLinkLink

Asian Forest Cooperation Organization (AFoCO) is a treaty-based intergovernmental organization aiming to strengthen forest cooperation by transforming proven technologies and policies into concrete actions in the context of sustainable forest management to address the impacts of climate change.

We are headquartered in Seoul, the Republic of Korea, with a subsidiary body, the AFoCO Regional Education and Training Center (RETC), located in Yangon region, Myanmar.

AFoCO Secretariat

8F, Forest Vision Center, 9 Gukhoedaero 62-gil, Yeongdeungpo-gu,
Seoul 07236, Republic of Korea

Tel. +82-2-785-8971
Fax. +82-2-785-8970
Email. contact@afocosec.org

AFoCO Regional Education & Training Center (RETC)

Seed & Seedling Center (SSC) of Forest Department of Myanmar,
Ye-Twin-Kone Village, Hmawbi Township, Yangon Region, Myanmar

Tel. +95-9972578592
Email. afocoretc@afocosec.org

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